Ropewalk the Newsletter for Shipwrights of Central Ohio February 2020 Next Meeting: March 21, 2020 “Lofting & Reading Plans” – J (2024)

Format Change A new look and a change in format. For those of you who print a copy of this newsletter but may not be interested in the section on “Wooden Steamers”, I have move it to the end after: “Events and Dates to Note.”

While one man cranks the spinner, the one holding the "top" walks backwards as the rope is twisted. From Edwin Tunis, The Young United States, 1783 to 1830 (New York: February Meeting World Publishing Co., 1969), 82. Used by permission of the estate of Edwin Tunis Ropewalk The Newsletter for Shipwrights of Central Ohio February 2020 Next Meeting: March 21, 2020 “Lofting & Reading Plans” – J. Amato/B. Nyberg

Table of Contents Format Change ...... 1 February Meeting ...... 1 What an attentive group. Good turnout and a Business ...... 1 lively discussion. 2020 Presentation Planning ...... 1 Road Trip ...... 1 Business Membership Dues...... 1 Membership Note ...... 2 2020 Presentation Planning Presentations ...... 2 You will find the monthly presentation schedule Scratch Building: Plans w/o Instructions ...... 2 for 2020 on page 5 of this newsletter. On Another Note ...... 4 We need presenters for the following subjects: Ships on Deck: ...... 4 • Rigging: Blocks & tackles Mary Powell ...... 4 • Small boat building U.S.S. Michigan ...... 5 • Wood Finishing. Queen Anne Barge ...... 5 It does not have to be a formal presentation. It Odds and Ends ...... 5 can be based upon your experience, what you Newsletter “Tips” ...... 5 learned or lead an open discussion with the other How to Straighten Wire ...... 5 attendees. Review the list and step up. Making Even Knots on Footopes ...... 5 Nautical Terms ...... 6 Road Trip Midwestern Model Ships & Boat Contest ...... 6 We had no opinions on where to take our 2020 NRG Conference ...... 6 summer road trip. A committee has been formed to Other Notes: “Stuff” - Tugs & Things ...... 6 make that decision and present it to the members. Question from Meeting ...... 6 The committee is made up of Jerry Amato, Lee Wood Source ...... 7 Kimmins and Alan Phelps. If you have any Tugs ...... 7 suggestions contact Alan. His number is on page 8.

Judy Moran ...... 7 Membership Dues. Lloydsman ...... 7 It is that time of year again - membership Presentation Schedule: ...... 8 dues for 2020 are due by our March meeting. Events & Dates to Note: ...... 8 Make your checks out to “Shipwrights of Wooden Steamers ...... 9 Central Ohio” and bring to the next meeting or send 1846 – Cont...... 9 to: Lee Kimmins Shipwrights of Central Ohio 5298 Timberlake Circle

Orient, OH 43146-9249

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Membership Note September 2004, The Shipwrights of Central Ohio, was formed over lunch, between Jim Krouse, Ben Morse and myself. Since our formation we have There are two items that are very helpful to the had, at one time or another, 78 dues paying modeler: The ruler below the Sheer plan to provide members. We ended 2019 with 19 active members dimensions and the note below it stating “lines to and 3 associate members. The other 56? Some inside of planking”. This tells the modeler that the passed away, some moved and some tried it for a lines on the Body plan can be used without year and then moved on either for family issues or adjustment. they found that ship modeling was not how they Scale: The first decision is “what scale do I build?” wanted to spend their time, they lost interest, and a Chapelle in “The American Schooner” states (on few just got old. All have, in their own way, enriched page 36) our club. • Length = 58 feet • Beam = 17’ 2” Presentations • Depth of Hold – 7’ 2” • Tons = 75 5/95 (old Style) Scratch Building: Plans w/o Instructions Depth of Hold: the distance from the underside of the Our presentation addressed the question; deck plank amidships to the ceiling of the hold of “How do you get started when you have the plans for a ship. a ship and maybe a pile of lumber?” My source was a Old Style Tonnage: a volumetric measurement of paper by Gene Bodnar, August 2007 titled “Scratch cubic capacity. It estimated the tonnage of a ship Building a Model Ship, Chapter 1: Getting Started.” based on length and maximum beam. The plans used as an example was Chapelle’s At ¼” = 1 foot the model length is 14.5”. With reconstruction of a fishing schooner that can be the scale chosen, the plans can to either scaled up of found on Plate 4, of his book “The American Fishing down to match the scale you want to build at. Since Schooner” the drawing in the book shows the hull at 5 ¼” you would have to scale up x 2.76. Type Hull: The second question to be addressed is what type hull will you build: Solid, POB, or POF. For solid or POB, you can take the hull shapes from the Body Plan to draw the patterns required to check the hulls shape at each section line as shown on the Sheer plan. Solid: For a solid carved hull, whether a block of wood or a “bread & butter” for the hull, you The plans provide all the information one will require the Body plan – converting it to a series of needs to build a model. A Body plan to get the shape patterns and labeling each pattern with its number/letter from the Sheer plan. Then a band saw or good coping saw to cut out the rough form and then chisels and files to carve the hull. POB: The Sheer plan provides the pattern of the hull. A Sheer plan to determine hull for the center bulkhead. Draw the section lines and shape, waterlines and rail/deck outline. then with the patterns from the Body plan select the number of frames you will need to support the planking. You may find that every other section line works or possible every third. Use filler blocks in the bow and stern for planking surfaces. The photo below And a Half is a POB jig for building your hull. Breadth plan to determine deck arrangement and You may be wondering how you continue. If “Room and Space”. you have built ship models before and kept the instructions books, you have the base plan for February 18, 2020 2

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

building your model. Use the instruction booklet to In the photo above, room-and-space is the rough out your build plan. I build mine in Excel, but a distance from the right edge of the first frame to the simple journal with the rough plan and the next steps right edge of the second frame and includes the two will help filling frames. This comes out to be roughly twice the fore and aft breadth (width) of a single frame plus between 2” and 6” for the overall small space between the filling frames and the main frames. On a warship the filling frames provide a solid wall, for protection from cannon balls, behind the planking between the frames. The room-and-space provides ventilation to prevent damp and rot. In 1780 Room-and-Space was: • 100 guns – 33” • 64 guns – 30” POF: A Plank-On-Frame is similar to what • 32 guns – 27 ¾” we have discussed but different. Like a real ship, you • 24 guns – 27’ will be laying the keel, building the frames, and • Sloop – 24” planking the hull. This is the most time consuming, The frames are 14 ½” and 15” with room ventilation personally rewarding, requires more skills and has a between filling frames at 2” to 2 1/4'”. (Information tougher learning curve. To get started, you have to from Goodwin’s “English Man of War 1650 – 1850”) convert the plans you have into a framing plan. Here In merchant ships, spacing was wider – they again you have two decisions. What will be the were not expected to be damaged by cannonballs. thickness of your frames and what will be the “Room- Charles Desmond “Wooden Ship-Building” uses the and-Space” you will use. term “Timber and Space” below. Using a ¼” scale, your frames, in real life, would be 1’ thick. Your choice would be to cut your frame from 1/4“-stock or use 2–1/8’ thick layers thus providing strength at the joints. Room-and-Space – the frame width and space between frames. This is the distance between the forward face of a complete main frame and the equivalent face edge of the next main frame. Look carefully at the Half-Breadth plan and you will see the Room and Space used by Chapelle. We then covered the building of the hull using the “Hahn Method” (building the hull upside down).

The plans are for a fishing schooner, so there are no “filling Frames”

Or right-side-up, which I call the Underhill method.

February 18, 2020 3

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Either way, the final product should look like this: revealed only 134 ships had been completed. A year and a half into the program, this was well behind schedule. Over 260 ships were less than half- completed, and hundreds more had not yet been started. Germany would surrender on November 11th of 1918. At that time, none of the quickly- commissioned EFC vessels had yet crossed the Atlantic. To this point, the program had officially Sources referenced for this presentation were: • “The American Fishing Schooner, 1825- approved funding and paid for 731 wooden 1935” by Howard I. Chapelle steamships. While over 130 ships had been • “The Colonial Schooner, 1763-1775” by completed, only 98 had actually been delivered. Of Harold M. Hahn those, only 76 had been used to carry cargo as • “Plank-On-Frame Models”, Vol. 1 by Harold A. Underhill intended. • “Wooden Ship-Building” by Charles Despite the war being over the shipbuilding Desmond continued. By September of 1919 the builders had • “The Elements of Wood Construction” by delivered 264 steamships to the government. By this William Henry Curtis time the United States had no use for the ships; they On Another Note were left to rot in Mallows Bay. On the Maryland side The books by Curtis and Desmond were of the Potomac River just west of Chesapeake Bay, published in 1919, but had been written during WW I. the largest shipwreck fleet in the Western When the United States entered World War I, the Hemisphere sits half-sunk and decomposing. In the U.S. had warships, but a shortage of transport early 20th century, hundreds of U.S. vessels were vessels. This led President Woodrow Wilson to sent to Mallows Bay to be destroyed and scrapped – approve, in April of 1917, the greatest shipbuilding and to this day the remains of dozens can still be program in history: an order for 1,000 300-ft long seen in the shallow water. steamships to be built in only 18 months. Ships on Deck: It was also one of the most expensive in history; each ship would cost the taxpayer almost one million dollars. To monitor progress and enforce the contracts, the Emergency Fleet Corporation (EFC) was formed to oversee the 87 shipyards who would Decking the hull. participate in the program. With little time to ramp up production and prepare for the order, the shipbuilders Mary Powell Lee Kimmins were pressed to reach deadlines. To save time and money the builders used wood rather than the more expensive steel, at the time reserved for vessels that would see combat. The lack of effective oversight was realized when a Congressional report in October of 1918 February 18, 2020 4

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Odds and Ends

Newsletter “Tips”

How to Straighten Wire To straighten wire, clamp one end in a vise and chuck the other end into the chuck of a hand drill and slowly turn the handle while walking away from U.S.S. Michigan the vise. Soft annealed wire works best as does Stan Ross tinned copper wire. (Compliments from Rocky Mountain Shipwrights “The Scuttlebutt”)

Making Even Knots on Footopes Footropes on the bowsprit and booms of sailing ships often have knots evenly spaced to provide traction. How do you get evenly spaced knots?

The simple jig pictured below can answer that question. Drive a couple of pins through a board at Queen Anne Barge the spacing you need for your scale on work. Mike Dowler

Restoration Project Lee Kimmins has finished the work on the model and case and returned it to the owner.

Before Take your footrope line and tie an overhand knot on each pin. Pull one knot off and rotate the jig 180 degrees.

Tie another knot on the free pin.


Pull off the original knot, rotate the jig 180 degrees, and tie another knot.

It needed cleaned, dusted and some touchup paint. Nice job, Lee. February 18, 2020 5

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Simple and accurately tied knots. (Compliments to the Midwestern Model Ships & Boat Contest February 2020, BlueJacket’s Newsletter, Vol 10, Issue 2.) The 44th Annual Midwestern Model Ships &

Nautical Terms Boat Contest and Display will be held May 15-17, 2020 Sagging: When the trough of a wave is amidships, at the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, WI. causing the hull to deflect so the ends of the keel are Mark your calendars. higher than the middle. The opposite of hogging. Here is your chance to enter your model into Sail: A piece of fabric attached to a vessel and a premier model competition. Maybe we can get a arranged such that it causes the wind to drive the group to attend and support this competition. vessel along; The power harnessed by a sail or sails 2020 NRG Conference to propel a vessel; To use sail power to propel a The 2020 Nautical Research Guild vessel; A trip in a boat or ship, especially a sailboat conference will be held in Oxnard, CA, October 15 – or sailing ship; In American usage, a sail is a tower- 17, 2020. The conference will be held in conjunction like structure on the dorsal (topside) surface of with the Channel Islands Maritime Museum located in submarines constructed since the mid-20th century— the Channel Islands Harbor, about 50 miles north of similar in appearance to a sail or fin, but containing Los Angeles. instruments and controls for the periscopes to direct the submarine and launch torpedo attacks. A modern Other Notes: “Stuff” - Tugs & sail (or fin) does not perform these functions. Things Sail Loft: A large open space used by sailmakers to spread out sails. Question from Meeting Sail Plan: A set of drawings showing various sail Brad Smith, at our meeting Saturday, ask if combinations recommended for use in various Naval mine sweeps were still made of wood? He sent situations. me a response which follows: Sailmaker: A craftsman who makes and repairs “In the early 1980s, the U.S. Navy began sails, working either on shore in a sail loft or aboard a development of a new mine countermeasures (MCM) large, ocean-going sailing ship. force, which included two new classes of ships and Sally ship: A method of freeing a vessel grounded minesweeping helicopters. The vital importance of a on mud, in which the crew forms a line and runs back state-of-the-art mine countermeasures force was and forth athwartships (q.v.) to cause her to rock strongly underscored in the Persian Gulf during the back and forth, breaking the mud's suction and eight years of the Iran-Iraq war and in Operations freeing her with little or no hull damage. When this is Desert Shield and Desert Storm in 1990 and 1991. required, the crew is given the order Sally ship! Avenger class ships are designed as mine Saltie: Great Lakes term for a vessel that sails the sweepers/hunter-killers capable of finding, classifying oceans. and destroying moored and bottom mines. Salvor: A person engaged in salvage of a ship or These ships use sonar and video systems, items lost at sea. cable cutters and a mine detonating device that can Sampan: A relatively flat-bottomed Chinese wooden be released and detonated by remote control. They boat from 3.5 to 4.5 meters (11.5 to 14.75 feet) long; are also capable of conventional sweeping generally used in coastal areas or rivers and as measures. The ships are of fiberglass sheathed, traditional fishing boats. Some have a small shelter, wooden hull construction. and they may be used as permanent habitation on inland waters. It is unusual for sampans to sail far from land as they are not designed to survive rough weather. Sampson post: A strong vertical post used to support a ship’s windlass and the heel of a ship's bowsprit. Glossary of Nautical Terms Wikipedia; As a side note, the above ships are built by Patterson Building, Inc. – “Peterson Builders, Inc. (PBI) was known as one of the most versatile February 18, 2020 6

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

shipyards in the world. Their versatility is what Designed for harbor and costal work, she grabbed the attention of the United States Navy after was built in 1972 at Morgan City, LA for Moran Tug & WWII which awarded the company contracts to Transportation. She was 107’ 2” x 31’ x 17’ 2” and construct minesweepers. was equipped with a 3300 HP diesel engine. She Located in Sturgeon Bay, WI, PBI goes back was designed to exceed all Coast Guard safety and to 1908 when Fred Peterson started his career in his stability requirements. She was also designed to father’s boatyard as a company known as Peterson push using the barge’s notch. Boat Works. In 1918, Peterson Boat Works burned Moran T&T was founded by Michael Moran, down, though it wasn’t until 1933 when Fred rebuild an Irish immigrant who started out as a mule driver Peterson Boat Works. The company was known for on the Erie Canal in 1850. In 1860, he founded building vessels for their private clients. They were Moran Towing with a half interest in the steam especially known for building a reliable wooden ship. tugboat Ida Miller, based out of New York. By 1880 During World War II, the company did business with the fleet consisted of 10 tugs, handling general the United States Navy and Army, building sub towing, shiphandling and the City of New York’s chasers and rescue boats that were used during the garbage-hauling contract. Today, Moran T&T is one war. However, PBI was most famous in the of the largest tugboat services in the United States. shipbuilding world for building state-of-the-art Note: In the photo above the World trade minesweepers after World War 2. Towers in the background. (Original Source: "On the Hawser" by Steven Lang and Peter H. Spectre, 1980) Ellsworth Peterson, son of Fred and Irene, began his maritime career in 1941 when he served Lloydsman on tankers in World War II. Fred came back to the family business after World War II and worked under his father for 20 years until he became president in 1965. Under Ellsworth’s leadership, PBI emerged as an international shipbuilder, constructing over 800 different ships for 13 countries. The biggest contract that Fred landed was the naval contract for building the Avenger mine countermeasure ships to replenish the navy with new minesweepers. The ocean rescue tug Lloydsman owned by United Towing Co. of Hull, UK. Built in Leith, Scotland Wood Source in 1971, she is 264.7’ x 48’ x 24.3’ and powered by On “Ships of Scale” this past week there was twin diesel engines generating 16,000 HP that turned a notice on a source of wood strips. Amazon sells a single controllable-pitch propeller. She equipped “Cafe Grade, Biodegradable Wood Coffee Stirrer with electro-hydraulic steering, 1500-ton bunker 1000 Ct, 5.5 In. Bulk Birch Wooden Beverage Stirring capacity, closed-circuit TV, two towing winches, two Sticks” for $7.91 plus shipping. They are 3/16’ x 5 ½” 10-ton derricks, air conditioning, two-berth hospital, x 1/32” fairly straight grain birch. Would be good for 5-ton capacity per day freshwater generators, plus small boat planking, or filler wood on frame edges. two radars, radio, depth sounders and electronic navigation. Tugs The photo above shows her testing her fire- fighting equipment. Her two pumps that supply her Judy Moran fire and salvage equipment have a maximum capacity of 1200 tons per hour at 100 pounds per square inch pressure. (Original Source: "On the Hawser" by Steven Lang and Peter H. Spectre, 1980

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ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Presentation Schedule: NRG Conference Channel Islands Maritime Museum 2020 Oxnard, CA Jan 18 - Research Oct. 15-17, 2020? Feb 15 – Scratch Building

Mar 21 – Lofting/Reading Plans Apr 18 – Raw Material & Parts 2021 May 16 – Bending Wood IPMS Columbus Jun 20 – Road Trip 47th Anniversary BLIZZCON Jul 18 – Fairing a Hull/Cooper Plating Arts Impact Middle School 680 Jack Gibbs Blvd. Columbus 43215 Aug 15 – Rigging: Blocks & Tackles Saturday, February 20, 2021 Sep 19 – Rope Walk

Oct 17 – Small Boat Making Nov 21 - Soldering Editor: Bill Nyberg Dec 19 – Wood Finishing President and editor

Shipwrights of Central Ohio Events & Dates to Note: [emailprotected]

2020 Columbus Woodworking Show Ohio Expo Center Celeste Center, 717 East 17th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43211 March 13 - 15, 2020

Miami Valley Woodcarving Show Christ United Methodist Church 700 Marshall Rd., Middletown, Ohio 45044 March 7 & 8, 2020

64th "Weak Signals" R/C Model Show Seagate Convention Ctr. 401 Jefferson Ave. Toledo, OH April 03 - 05, 2020

North American Model Engineering Expo. Shipwrights of Central Ohio Yack Arena Officers & Staff Wyandotte, MI President – Bill Nyberg……….614-370-5895 April 18 - 19, 2020 Vice Pres. – Alan Phelps….….614-890-6164 Midwestern Model & Boat Show, Treasurer – Lee Kimmins….…614-378-9344 Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, WI Editor – Bill Nyberg……..……. 614-370-5895 May 15 – 17, 2020 Photographer – Alan Phelps .. 614-890-6164

Constant Scale R/C Run – Carmel, Ind. Web Master – Bill Nyberg…….614-370-5895 Indianapolis Admirals reflecting pond Carmel, IN Web Site: May 16 & 17, 2020 Email: [emailprotected] Lakeside Antique & Classic Wooden Boat Lakeside Hotel, Lakeside, OH July 19, 2020

Toledo Antique & Classic Boat Show Promenade Dock, Maumee River, Toledo, OH Aug 22-23, 2020

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ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Wooden Steamers Buffalo, NY to Chicago, IL at a cost of $60,000. Her Master was captain Howe for the 1847 season, with 1846 – Cont. Captain J. Imson as master for the 1848-51 seasons. In April 1848, the steamer Hendrix Hudson collided Oneida: Benjamin B. Jones, Cleveland, OH built for Allen & Pease, Cleveland, OH a wooden propeller for with the Canadian sidewheel steamer Caledonia (C- the passenger, package freight trade. Her first 1841) at Cleveland with both receiving damage which enrollment on June 10, 1846 at Cleveland showed was repaired. June 1849, the steamer Hendrix measures of: 138.3’ x 24.1’ x 11.0’ and a tonnage of Hudson collided with the sidewheel steamer 355 41/95 (old style). Her engine is unknown. Her Saratoga, 20 miles east of Erie, PA on Lake Erie. master was Captain A. Spraque for the 1846-47 Two lives were lost. August 1852 the Hendrix Hudson season. November 1847, while, down bound for collided with the brig St. Gale on Lake Huron. Buffalo, NY, laden with general cargo, the Oneida In 1853 her ownership was changed to A. R. went ashore during a gale on Lake Michigan ending Cobb. October 1856 on Lake Erie, the steamer up in 5 feet of water. Damaged, she was rebuilt and Hendrix Hudson went aground at Sandusky, OH. her enrollment measures were updated in April 1848 Released. May 21, 1860, while moored in the old to: 3 decks, 1 mast; 166’ 5” x 24’ 1” x 11’; 428 77/95 river bed at Otis & Co. Rolling Mill, Cleveland, OH, tons (old style). In October of that year the Oneida the steamer Hendrix Hudson was struck by lightning, and the sidewheel steamer Arrow collided on Lake caught fire and burned to a total loss, sinking. August Erie with both vessels damaged and later that month 1869 the burned-out hulk was removed and disposed she broke her shaft on Lake Michigan. She was of. towed to Chicago, IL for repairs. Ownership of the Oneida was changed in Boston: Captain John Robinson, Detroit, MI built for 1850 to E. T. Sterling et al., Cleveland, OH. October himself a wooden, sidewheel steamer with measures: of that year she collided with the sidewheel steamer 205’ x 30’ x 13’, and a tonnage (old style) of 757.84. St. Louis (US – 1844) off Vermilion, OH, Lake Erie. She was equipped with a side-lever engine built by Ownership of the propeller Oneida was Leash & Co., Pittsburg, PA. Her first enrollment was changed to Oliver C. Knight, Cleveland, OH in issued at Detroit, MI, April 21, 1846. Her cost to build November 1851. In December the Oneida, laden with was listed at $65,000. She was built for the flour, lost her rudder and went ashore at Fairport, passenger, package freight trade between Buffalo OH, Lake Erie, during a gale. She was released with and Detroit. Her master for the 1846 season was a loss of $1,500. Captain Pease. November 24, of that year, while Master of the propeller Oneida in 1852 season was Captain William Sterns Rich with Ferris as chief moored at a pier in Milwaukee harbor unloading engineer. In May 1852, the propeller Oneida ran into cargo, when a gale came up. She was run out into a pier at Fairport, OH, Lake Erie and damaged her Lake Michigan to prevent pounding against the pier. hull. Her property loss was $1,000. In November of While riding out the gale, she lost her stacks and with that year, while down bound, laden with 3,500 barrels water dousing her boiler fire she lost way and drifted of flour and 2 passengers and 15 crew, the Oneida back onto the beach in the bay at Milwaukee, WI. capsized during a gale on Lake Erie, off Erie, PA and There the waves pounded her to pieces. No lives sank. All lives were lost. lost.

Hendrik Hudson: G. W. Jones, with H.M. Kinnie, In April 1848, the remains of the steamer Boston were sold at auction for $525. Her engine and some Buffalo, NY as partial investor, built at Black River, furniture, recovered from the wreck, became part of Ohio (mouth of the Cuyahoga River) a wooden the new steamer Globe built at Trenton, MI in 1848. sidewheel steamer with measures: 204’ 8” x 32’ x 12’, with a tonnage (old style) of 750 46/95. She was British Queen: Built for passenger, package freight equipped with a vertical beam, low pressure engine, trade with American capital to evade Canadian 30” bore x 120” stroke, generating 500 horsepower navigation laws with reference to St. Lawrence River and built by Cuyahoga Works. She was launched canals. Owners were Lake Ontario Steamboat Lines, unfinished July 11, 1846 and taken to Buffalo, NY for Ogdensburg, NY and Lucius Moody, Montreal, and. the builder was John Oades, Port Metcalfe, Ont. The finishing and was ready to run at the start of the 1847 vessel would be a small, wooden sidewheel steamer season. Enrolled at Cleveland, OH, she was built for with measures: 167.9’ x 21.9’ x 6.6’ and a unit the passenger, package freight trade, running from tonnage of 118.7. Her engine was a low pressure, 80 February 18, 2020 9

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

horsepower, originally installed in the American time the fire was extinguished and she made port steamer Oneida (US-1846). She was built for the safely. In May 1847, the Genesee Chief ran down passenger, package freight trade and ran Montreal to and sank the brig Cuba (U-1844) on Lake Ontario. Kingston and/or Ogdensburg, NY. Her master for the Her master for the 1848-49 season was Captain W. 1846-49 seasons was Captain Chamberlain. August L. Pierce. 1846, while bound down the Long Sault Rapids in the The propeller Genesee Chief went through a St. Lawrence River, the steamer British Queen struck series of owner changes: 1850 to Elisha B. Strong, a rock which unshipped her rudder causing her to Rochester, NY; 1852 to Herbert Squires et al, broach to, she went down the rapids broadside Dunkirk, NY; and in 1853 to Alanson Robinson, without receiving any damage. In November of that Buffalo, NY. November of that year the propeller same year, the British Queen and the steamer Genesee Chief was caught in a gale on Lake Erie William IV (C-1831) came in collision on the St. and had to jettison 190 barrels of flour. Property loss Lawrence River with both boats receiving damage. $1,200. August 1849, while bound up on the St. Lawrence April 1854 the ownership of the propeller River, the steamer British Queen, while approaching Genesee Chief was changed to Addison Hills, the first lock of the Cornwall Canal at night failed to Dunkirk, NY. The following month, while lying at the see that the gates were not open and struck them wharf of Rawson’s, Foot & Curtiss, the Genesee forcing them open. The lock-keeper was standing on Chief took fire in her upper works but it was quickly the gate when she struck and was thrown into the extinguished. Little material damage. water and drowned. The canal was closed for three July 1854, ownership of the Genesee Chief was days for repairs. The British Queen sustained no changed to New York & Erie Rail Road Co., Dunkirk, damage. NY. August 1855, while crossing Lake Erie, the First enrollment issued at Montreal, Que., May Genesee Chief broke her shaft and had to be towed 25, 1850 and her master was Captain LaFlamme for to Cleveland for repairs. In August 1856, the the 1850-54 seasons. Genesee Chief and the fore-and-aft scow Antelope November 1854, ownership of the steamer British (U-1853) came in collision a few miles from Queen was changed to H.A. Chillas & G. David, Cleveland, OH. The Chief towed the Antelope into Nicolet, Que. July 1855, the steamer British Queen Cleveland for unloading and repairs. Late in the struck a rock in the St. Lawrence River and sank. season of 1861 the propeller Genesee Chief arriving She was raised and repaired. Her property loss was at Cleveland, OH sank in the river bed. She had no set at $5,000. freight aboard. Repaired. Her master for the 1862-63 In 1860, her ownership was changed to the season was Captain E. M. Hewitt. Ontario St. Lawrence Steamboat Co., Ogdensburg, Ownership of the propeller Genesee Chief was NY. Under their ownership the steamer British Queen changed to Augustus Thomas et al, Toledo, OH. made two runs as a blockade runner in the Gulf of during the winter of 1862-63. She was rebuilt at Mexico. Sighted and investigated by U.S. Navy at Cleveland, OH by Stevens & Presley and her Nassau, N.P., May 29, 1862, and on the Bahamas enrollment updated to: propeller; 1 deck, 1 mast, Bank, November 28, 1862. 138.2 x 25.2 x 10.82; 441 grt. In 1863, her ownership was changed to American July 1864, her ownership of was changed to W. Steamboat Co., Oswego, NY. Her final enrollment E. Warriner et al, Detroit, MI. April 1866 the Genesee was closed June 03, 1866 and endorsed as “Sold to Chief went aground on St. Clair Flats and incurred a Foreigners, February, 1863. Final disposition property loss $200. Two months later, she broke her unknown. machinery off Point aux Barques, MI, Lake Huron Genesee Chief: George Steers, Rochester, NY built with a property loss of $700. In 1867, the propeller a wooden propeller with measures 140’ x 25’ 8” x 12’ Genesee Chief was assigned an official number 9” and a tonnage (Old Style) of 429 42/95. Her first US10243. The following year the Genesee Chief caught fire and burned to the water’s edge at Clark’s enrollment was issued at Rochester NY. Both the Dry Dock, Detroit, MI. She was rebuilt as a lumber original owner and her engines are unknown. She barge capable of carrying 300,000 feet of lumber. Her was built for the passenger, package freight trade enrollment updated to: 1 deck, 142 x 25.2 x 10; running between Rochester, NY and Chicago, IL. 275.26 grt. She had the capacity to carry 100 cabin passengers The lumber barge Genesee Chief went through a and 300 steerage passengers. In route to Chicago in series of owner changes: April 1870 to John 1847 the Genesee Chief caught fire five times, each Edwards, Trenton, MI; June 1871 to shares were February 18, 2020 10

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

transferred to John Edwards et al, Trenton, MI, June storm, the California stranded on Mohawk Island 1873 ownership to S. B. Grummond et al, Detroit, MI. Reef, east of Port Colbourne, Ont., Lake Erie. She September 1878, down bound, the barge Genesee was declared a total loss. No lives were lost. Chief, laden with lumber, was damaged in a storm on Lake Huron. Ontario: George Steers, Rochester, NY, built in Ownership of the barge Genesee Chief was 1846, a wooden propeller with measures of: 136.8’ x changed to George L. Colwell et al, Harrisville, MI in 25.2’ x 9.1’ and a tonnage (Old style) of 428. Her April 1880; in May 1885 to E. C. Recor et al, St. Clair, initial enrollment was at Buffalo, NY, May 1850, and MI; and in March 1888 to Arander H. Stafford et al, listed her owner as Alexander Kelsey & Company. Detroit, MI, and in February 1891 to Patrick O’Day, She was built for the package grain freight trade. Jr., Buffalo, NY. August 1891, down bound on Lake Engine is unknown. October 1846, the propeller Huron, the barge Genesee Chief, laden with shingles, Ontario, laden with wheat collided with the sidewheel became severely waterlogged in a storm in the South steamer Chesapeake (US – 1838) at Cleveland, OH, Channel, Straits of Mackinac and was towed in and Lake Erie. Her upper works were damaged. In winter abandoned at a dock in Cheboygan, MI. She was layup at Chicago, IL, the propeller Ontario was declared a constructive loss and was towed out and damaged during the March 12, 1849 spring freshet. scuttled in Duncan Bay. Her final enrollment was surrendered March 22, 1897 and endorsed “broken Her damage loss was set at $1,500. Three sidewheel up & abandoned.” steamers, two propellers, a barque, seven brigs, eleven schooners and some 30 canal boats were California: The shipyard of Bidwell & Banta, Buffalo, damaged or destroyed during that spring freshet. The NY built in 1846 a wooden propeller for the package propeller Ontario was ready to be released by March freight trade with measures: 169.5’ x 25.5’ x 10.3’ and 12, 1849. a tonnage (Old Style) of 420.3. She was powered by Ownership of the propeller Ontario was changed two high pressure engines with 18” bore and 34” to Josiah W. Bissell, Rochester, NY who had the stroke driving dual screws. Her original owners were vessel rebuilt by Benjamin Bagnell, Buffalo, NY. Her Kimberly & Pease, Buffalo, NY who would have her enrollment was updated to: 1 deck, 3 masts, 138’ 9.5” run between Buffalo & Chicago for the Troy & Erie x 25’ 2” x 9’ 11”; 324.94 Tons (Old Style). The rebuilt Line. Her original cost was $27,000. In September propeller Ontario was to be sold to eastern owners. 1846, the propeller California went ashore on Point She transit the Welland Canal and the St. Lawrence Pelee, Ont., Lake Erie. In November 1848, during a River, arriving at New York City where ownership of the propeller Ontario was changed to Paul M. gale on Lake Erie, the California had to jettison 25 Latham, New York, NY in December 1850. Her tons of merchandise to make port safely. Her enrollment states she is a steam propeller, with 2 property loss was set at $5,000. May 1849, while decks, 2 masts, plain head, round stern, round tuck; entering Chicago harbor, she collided with the 138’ 6” x 17’ 7”; 417.26 Tons (Old Style). steamer Superior and was considerably damaged. June 1851, her ownership was changed to April 1852, Frank E. Foster, agent for the New Samuel P. Lord & William H. Mailer, New York City, York and Erie Railroad, ran the California in the NY. “Dunkirk, Cleveland, Sandusky & Toledo Line”. Due December 1852, her ownership was changed to to the Panic of 1857, which affected the Great Samuel G. Davis & David Bebell, New York City. The Lakes and the troubles of that region that were Ontario ran between Charleston S.C., New York City; quickly passed to those enterprises in the East that Boston, Mass & southern ports, and was reported to depended upon western sales, the propeller have transported slaves from the Africa coast to California was laid up and put up for sale in 1859. In Cuba. May 1858, the Ontario rig was changed to a October 1861, with the recovery due to the War bark and enrolled as the Carrier Pigeon with 1 deck, between the States, the propeller California has been 3 masts; 139’ 2” x 25’ 7” x 10’; 335.32 old style tons. put back in running order and placed on the Detroit, Her final disposition is unknown. MI to Dunkirk, NY run in connection with the New York & Erie Railroad line. November 1861, bound Cleveland: Built by G.W. & B.B. Jones at Cleveland, from Detroit to Dunkirk, the California sprang a leak OH at a cost of $21,500, the wooden propeller south of Amherstburg, Ont and had to return to Cleveland had measures of 141.6’ x 24.2’ x 10.5’ and Detroit. Her cargo had to be discharged before she a tonnage (Old Style) of 341.5. her original owners went into drydock for repair. October 1862, during a were Jonathan Gillett, Cleveland, OH, et al. She was

February 18, 2020 11

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

powered by an engine built by Cuyahoga Steam passenger, package freight trade. Her master in 1853 Furnace Co., Cleveland, OH. She would be used in was Captain Mann. April 1854, the propeller Clifton the passenger, package freight trade. In November stranded on Pt aux Barques, Lake Huron. She was 1846, the Cleveland collided and sank the schooner recovered by the propeller Bruce and repaired at Marshall Ney (US-1830) at Cleveland, OH. Her Detroit, MI. master for the 1848 season was Captain Walls with In 1858 her ownership was changed to Isaac John Pheatt and Marshall Barrows as engineers. The Smith, Sombra, Ont and she ran as a ferry between propeller Cleveland, down bound from Milwaukee, WI Port Huron and Sarnia, Ont. She was rebuilt as a tug with 150 passengers, was struck by a gale on Lake in 1860 with official number 33163. Michigan and had to jettisoned her deck load before Ownership of the tug Clifton was changed in May being able to return to Milwaukee. 1860, to A. E. Lyons for $200 by her former owner to release claims. The Clifton collided with the tug John In November 1850, her ownership was changed Martin (US12793) October 1860. to Philo Chamberlain & John Crawford, et al, In August 1862, the tug Clifton enrollment Cleveland, OH. In October 1852, the Cleveland, showed her ownership changed Canadian to J. Smith laden with a cargo of flour, sank in the St. Lawrence & Jason Holt, Sombra, Ont. with her official Canadian River. She was raised and repaired with her property number as C33565, and measures of: 97’ x 17.9’ x loss set at $7,150. 6.5’; 138.75 grt. In 1866, the tug Clifton was October 1855 ownership for the Cleveland was converted into a barge at Marysville, MI and enrolled transferred to Northern Transportation Co. at Port Huron, MI in 1866 with tonnage: 139.39. In (Chamberlain & Crawford), Ogdensburg, NY. September 1866, ownership of the barge Clifton was September 1857, while transiting the Welland Canal transferred by the U.S. Marshall to Nelson Mills for the Cleveland was damaged. Her property loss was $5,600 Her measure: 128.5 x 23 x 7.7. set at $100. May 1870, ownership of the barge Clifton was Ownership of Cleveland was changed to William changed to the Toledo & Saginaw Transportation Co. Stevenson & Ira Lafrinier, Cleveland, OH in February In 1874, under tow of the sidewheel steamer Henry 1860. She was rebuilt and enrolled as a bark with a Howard, the barge Clifton, laden with lumber, tonnage (Old Style) of 328.6 in September of that became waterlogged halfway between Point Pelee year. The bark Cleveland, bound from Chicago for and Cleveland, OH on Lake Erie and was Oswego, NY, laden with wheat, went ashore on one abandoned. Her crew was picked up by the steamer. of the islands below Kingston, Ont. November 1860. The enrollment for the barge Clifton was Released. surrendered at Port Huron, MI, January 10, 1878, Ownership of the bark Cleveland was changed to and endorsed “wrecked in September 1874”. L. L. Lyon in February 1861 and to R. H. Becker & Moses Walsh in 1863. In 1865 she was readmeasured with a tonnage: 230.59 grt. In 1868, ownership of the Cleveland was changed to J. Burdsal & A. Vanshaick. At enrollment for owner change she was Issued an official number as US4330. In 1871, her ownership shares were transferred to A, Vanshaick et al, Chicago, IL. June 1875, the bark Cleveland, laden with lumber, went aground on the rocky shore of Pilot Island, Lake Michigan. She was stripped and abandoned by the 17th of June, A.D. Patchin: A wooden sidewheel steamer built by 1875. Joseph M. Keating, Truago (Trenton), MI in 1846 had measures of: 225’ 7” x 29’ x 13’ 9” and a tonnage Clifton: James A. Bell, et al., Sackett’s Harbor, NY (Old Style) of 873.8. She was equipped with a side- had a wooden propeller built at Dexter, NY in 1846. lever engine, builder unknown. Her original owner, Her initial enrollment at Sackets Harbor, October 27, Captain Harry D. Whittaker, Buffalo, NY, had her 1846 gives her measurements as: 101.6’ x 18.4’ x enrolled at Buffalo, NY and designated for the 6.6’ with tonnage (Old Style) of 111.59. She had two passenger, package freight service between Buffalo, engines, each with a propeller, rated at 50 NY, Chicago, IL, Milwaukee, WI with calls to other horsepower. Builder unknown. She was built for Lake Michigan ports. Her master was Captain Harry

February 18, 2020 12

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

D. Whittaker from 1846 to 1850 with Hathaway in foot at Cuyahoga Furnace Company, Cleveland, OH. 1849 as chief engineer. July 1874, the A. D. Patchin May 1851, the Sultana was between Conneaut and broke her cylinder head on Lake Michigan and was Ashtabula, OH when struck by a gale and had to towed to Milwaukee for repairs. Winter layup in 1848, return to Erie, PA. After the storm passed, she she received a new upper cabin with 70 state rooms. resumed her journey until she broke her cross head June 1848, the steamer A. D. Patchin in heavy fog off Fairport, OH, Lake Erie and was towed into the port of Buffalo for repairs. Property loss set at $4,000. followed by a gale, went aground four miles north of In December of that year, the steamer Sultana struck Racine, WI, Lake Michigan. The cargo had to be a reef off West Sister Island, Lake Erie, holing lightered to release the vessel. After seven 7 days herself. She made Sandusky, OH before sinking. she was released and towed to Buffalo, NY for Later raised and repaired she was interred at repairs. July 1848, the steamer A. D. Patchin was laid Sandusky, OH due to ice on the lake. up at Sarnia, ONT. June 1854, her ownership was changed to August 1848, her ownership was sold on a J.C. Harrison, 1/2, Erie, PA and J.B. Johnson, 1/2, chattel mortgage to D.N. Barney, Buffalo, NY. March Erie, PA. September 1854 her ownership was 1849 her ownership was changed to Aaron D. changed at an admiralty sale to George Thompson, Patchin, Buffalo, NY; et al. October of that year the A. Cleveland, OH. In April 1855 her ownership shares D. Patchin broke her shaft off Port Washington, WI, were transferred to George Thompson, 1/2 Lake Michigan. Loss was set at $4,000. November, Cleveland, OH; George W. Cochrane ¼; William she had one wheel disabled. During winter layup Watts ¼. For the 1855 season her master was 1850, the A. D. Patchin was re-engine with the Captain William Watts. April 1855, Robert T. Pettes engine, 30” bore x 120” stroke, from the wrecked bought up the shares of George W. Cochrane. May sidewheel steamer Missouri built in 1840 by Warden 1856 George Thompson, Cleveland, OH became full & Nicholson, Pittsburgh, PA. September 1850, owner of the steamer Sultana. Master of the Sultana believing the A. D. Patchin, was on course, had been for the 1856 season was Captain George Thompson. driven 2 to 3 miles off course by the current and June of that year, down bound with a cargo of flour became stranded on Skillagalee Reef in Northern and fish, the steamer Sultana went ashore on Fox Lake Michigan, some twenty miles northwest of Island, Lake Michigan. She was lightered to be Charlevoix, MI. At first thought not much damaged released. had been done. She was pounded regularly by a Ownership in equal shares of the steamer stormy fall and finally broken up during a storm in late Sultana was transferred to George Thompson, November and declared a total loss. No lives lost. Cleveland, OH; Nehemiah W. Harding, Cleveland, OH in September 1856. Master of the Sultana during the 1857 season was Captain Nathaniel Mead. In May 1857, the steamer Sultana was sold under foreclosure by U.S. Marshal to John Owen, Detroit, MI & Caleb Van Husen, Detroit, MI. Master of the Sultana for the 1858 season was Captain H. Edwards. Due to the Panic of 1857 the steamer Sultana was laid up at Detroit, MI in 1858. The steamer Sultana was rebuilt and reduced to sloop Sultana: Built for the passenger, package freight barge at Buffalo, NY: 215.58 x 30.16 x 11.66; 731.66 trade by Zadock Pangborn, Algonac, MI, the wooden grt. She was intended for the lumber trade with the sidewheel steamer had measures of: 217.25’ x 30.5’ capacity for some 600,000 feet. Master of the x 12.6’ with tonnage (Old Style) of 806 38/95. schooner barge Sultana for the 1860 season was Powered by a Crosshead engine, 48" bore x 132" Captain Samuel Ash. stroke, built by T.F. Secor & Co., New York, NY. Her Ownership of the schooner barge Sultana was original owner was Captain Gilman Appleby, Buffalo, changed to John S. Noyes, Buffalo, NY in1862. Her NY with her first enrollment issued at Buffalo, NY, master for the 1863 season was Captain Gilman May 14, 1847. Master of the steamer Sultana was Appleby. Late in the 1863 season, bound from Captain Gilman Appleby for the 1846 – 54 seasons Saginaw, MI to Buffalo, NY, the schooner barge with Lockwood as chief engineer in 1849. June 1847, Sultana, laden with lumber and towed by the tug the steamer Sultana ran onto a reef off Point St. Reindeer (built 1857), stranded off Pointe Aux Eaucas, Lake Erie. Released. September of that year, she had her engine repaired and lowered one February 18, 2020 13

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

Barques, MI, Lake Huron in a storm. The gale broke changed in March 1865 at Oswego, NY to: 224 x her up before she could be released. No lives lost. 27.42 x 10; 792 grt. With the increase of railroad traffic between the Cataract: Built by John Oades at Clayton, NY, a major ports along the New York shore of Lake wooden sidewheel steamer for the St. Lawrence Ontario, the American Steamship Co. was forced to Steamboat Co. Intended for the passenger, package sell their holdings. In June 1868, the Cataract was freight trade, her measures were: 209.6’ x 27.6‘ x 9.9’ changed to the Canadian Navigation Co. and and a tonnage (Old Style) of 577.3. Powered by a renamed at registration to Columbian, C51695, 224 x vertical beam, low pressure engine, 44’ bore x 132” 28 x 10. The Columbian continued to run between stroke built by Henry R. Dunham & Co., New York, Montreal-Oswego-Rochester-Toronto since the bulk NY, she had 32’ paddle wheels and would operate on of the travel had shifted to the Canadian side of Lake the St. Lawrence River running between Lewiston, Ontario. NY – Kingston, Ont. – Ogdensburg, NY. Her initial December 1870, her ownership was changed to the Welland Canal Co. and the Columbian was enrollment was at Ogdensburg, NY June 29, 1847. rebuilt as a bulk freight steamer. In 1871, she was Her first master in 1847 was Captain James Van resold to Holland & Garden, Ogdensburg, NY. Her Cleve. engine was removed and the vessel was converted In April 1849, the St. Lawrence Steamboat Co. & to a barge. June 1871, her Canadian registry for the the Steam & Canal Boat Co. merged into the Ontario was cancelled. & St, Lawrence Steamboat Co. Elijah B. Allen of Ogdensburg, NY, President. Master of the steamer Cataract for the 1849 – 51 seasons was Captain Richard B. Chapman. November 1849, the Cataract returned to Buffalo with a broken piston head and went into winter quarters early for repairs. April 1850, the enrollment for the steamer Cataract was updates to show that ownership had been transferred to the

Ontario & St. Lawrence Steamboat Co. Elijah B. Allen of Ogdensburg, NY, President. She continued to operate on the United States Mail Line and made Globe: In 1846, daily runs from Lewiston, NY via Toronto, Ont., Captain S. Hubbell, Maumee City, OH built for Rochester, NY, Oswego, NY, Kingston, ONT, Joshua Maxwell, et al. a wooden propeller for the Sackett's Harbor, NY to Ogdensburg, NY. Her master passenger, package freight trade and to operate on for the 1852 season was Captain Austin D. Kirby. the Buffalo, NY to Toledo and Maumee, OH route. June 1852, the steamer incurred a property loss of Enrolled at Maumee, OH January 1, 1847, her $1,200 when she beached on a shoal near Oswego, measures were: 143.9’ x 24.0’ x 9.6’ with a tonnage NY, Lake Ontario. She was released and repaired in (Old Style) of 313.4. She was powered by two high Kingston, Ont. Her master for the 1853 season was pressure engines built by Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Captain R. F. Child. September 1855, the steamers with 16” bore x 28” stroke. Her master for the 1847 Cataract and Niagara collided near the mouth of the season was Captain C. Ludlow. July 1847, the Globe Niagara River, Lake Ontario. The combined property broke her wheel near Cleveland, OH. Repaired. loss was $2,000. In 1858, due to the depression of Ownership of the propeller Globe was changed to 1857 and the decrease in business, the Ontario & St. William B. Dix & Co. and Spencer Moore both of Lawrence Steamboat Co. was forced into liquidation. Maumee, MI and was insured for $15,000. Her Ownership of the steamer Cataract was changed ownership was again changed in 1849 to Horace in June 1859 to the American Steamship Co. to Mott, ¼, Cleveland, OH; C.C. Mott, 1/4, J.R. provide services between Ogdensburg, NY and Harrison, ¼; and G.C. Floyd, ¼. April 1849, the Lewiston, NY. Her master for the 1859-60 seasons Globe broke down off Euclid Creek, Cleveland, OH, was Captain John H. Ledyard. June 1860, the Lake Erie. Repaired. In October of the same year, steamer Cataract was rebuilt at Oswego, NY and while heavily laden with merchandise, she sprang a registered measures changed: 224 x 27.5 x 10.33; leak and started to sink 10 to 12 miles out from 614.5 grt. Buffalo, NY, Lake Ontario. The steamer Atlantic Ownership of the Cataract was changed to came along side and towed the Globe near Port Ontario Steam Boat Company Samuel Farewell, Abino, NY where she sank in 16 feet of water. Her President in 1863. Her registration measures were February 18, 2020 14

ROPEWALK, Newsletter of “The Shipwrights of Central Ohio

cargo was removed by the propeller Manhattan and She was employed in the package freight trade on transported to Buffalo, NY. Later that month the the St. Clair & Detroit Rivers. Globe was raised and towed to Buffalo, NY for Ownership of the propeller Odd Fellow was repairs. Her master for the 1850-53 seasons was changed to Captain William Dana, Algonac, MI in Captain Horace Mott. In July of 1850, the Globe September 1849. Her master for the remaining 1849 caught fire in Saginaw Bay and was scuttled to season through 1853 was Captain William Dana. In extinguish the flames. Late in the 1852 season, 1853, her ownership was changed to William Brunel, caught in a gale on Lake Erie the propeller Globe, Detroit, MI. The Odd Fellow had been rebuilt and bound up for Cleveland, Oh, was scuttled at Dunkirk, enrolled at Detroit, MI: no masts, 102.2 x 18.0 x 5.9; NY. Raised. 99.56 grt, 95.0 net. The Globe’s ownership was changed to Sheldon The Odd Fellow was abandoned in 1857. McKnight, Detroit, MI and she ran during the 1853 season from Detroit, MI to Michigan ports. In 1856 Some Notes: the Globe was converted to a passenger, railroad Black River, Ohio: Drains Medina County, emptying into Lake Erie at Lorain, OH. ferry, and ran Buffalo – Chicago on the People’s Line. Cargo-carrying capacity in cubic feet, another method of volumetric May 1859, ownership of the Globe was changed measurement. The capacity in cubic feet is then divided by 100 to George B. Russell, Detroit, MI. Her master for the cubic feet of capacity per gross ton, resulting in a tonnage expressed 1859 season was Captain A.H. Mills. In June 1860 in tons. the propeller Globe collided with the schooner Mail Steamer: Chartered by the Canadian government to carry the Acontlas off Bar Point, Ont., Lake Erie. mail between ports. Navigation: The reader may wonder what, with so few vessels on June 1861, John P. Ward, Detroit, took the lakes, why steamers could not avoid each other. Two main ownership for the propeller Globe. In April 1862 her reasons, the visibility during storms and the vessels did not carry ownership was changed to John C. Williams, any lights so you came upon a vessel you could not determine if the Vicksburg, MI. who used her to ferry horses on the vessel was approaching or departing from you. Old Style Tonnage: The formula is: Tonnage= ((length - (beam x Detroit River during the Civil War. Up bound in 3/5)) x Beam x Beam/2)/94 Saginaw Bay, MI, the Globe caught fire and burned where: Length is the length, in feet, from the stem to the sternpost; to the water line and sank. Beam is the maximum beam, in feet. Ownership of the sunken propeller Globe The Builder's Old Measurement formula remained in was changed to Dennison & Dizell, Bay City, MI in effect until the advent of steam propulsion. Steamships required a May 1867 and again the Wilfred S. Campbell & C. H. different method of estimating tonnage, because the ratio of length Lane, East Saginaw, MI. After several years being to beam was larger and a significant volume of internal space was used for boilers and machinery. under water the hull was salvaged and towed to In 1849, the Moorsom System was created in Great Saginaw, where she was converted into a barge Britain. The Moorsom system calculates the tonnage or cargo under the supervision of the owners, Messrs. capacity of sailing ships as a basis for assessing harbour and other Campbell and Lane. She was enrolled July 1868 as a vessel fees barge with 1 deck, no masts; 141.7 x 24 x 8; 208.28 P.Q.: Province of Quebec grt and assigned an official number 39339. She had Packet Freight: almost every imaginable item of merchandise – bags of onions, grain, etc., processed foods, bags of coal, stoves, the capacity for 150,000 feet of lumber. Her master furniture, that can be packed and moved by manpower from dock to was Captain C.H. Lane. The barge was towed by hold and reverse. Ballentine, Crawford & Co. In October 1873, under Patriot War: A conflict along the Canada – U.S. border where bands tow of the steamer T.U. Bradbury, the lumber barge of raiders attacked the British colony of Upper Canada more than a Globe broke her tow and was driven ashore, during a dozen times between December 1837 and December 1838. This so- gale, in Pigeon Bay, near Pt. au Pelee, ONT. Lake called war was not a conflict between nations; it was a war of ideas fought by like-minded people against British forces Erie and went to pieces. Ship Inventory: Will include the names of wooden steamers that will

Odd Fellow: D. H. Corbin, Grand Haven, MI built a not be identified in the manuscript. The research project that the information was gathered for included all wooden steamers built on small wooden propeller for J.F. Porter & Co., Grand the Great Lakes or St. Lawrence River and operated on the Great Rapids. She was enrolled at Grand Rapids May 22, Lakes with a gross tonnage at or over 100 tons. 1847 with measures: 110’ x 18’ x 8.1’ and a tonnage Up-bound: Going against the current – St. Lawrence River to Lake (Old style) 167.35. She was built for the package Superior. (Lake Michigan – steaming north) Down-bound: Going with the current – Lake Superior to the Saint freight trade between Grand Rapids and Grand Lawrence River. (Lake Michigan – steaming south) Haven. Her engine is not known. (Original Source: "Wooden Steamers on the Great Lakes” – Great Lakes Historical Society; Bowling Green State University – Historical Collection; Thunder Bay Ownership of the Odd Fellow was changed in National Marine Sanctuary Collection; Maritime History of the Great Lakes; and May 1847 to Allen Turner & O. M. Hyde, Detroit, MI. the scanned newspaper collection of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes, Kingston, Ont. and 746 additional documented sources.) February 18, 2020 15

Ropewalk the Newsletter for Shipwrights of Central Ohio February 2020 Next Meeting: March 21, 2020 “Lofting & Reading Plans” – J (2024)
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